Audio Capacitive Touch BoosterPack MSP430 Software

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Audio Capacitive Touch BoosterPack (ACTBP) Host Application Overview

ACTBP Simple HW Block Diagram
The LaunchPad ACTBP host application is the firmware running on the MSP430 LaunchPad development kit to demonstrate the Audio Player Recorder Framework for the C5000 Audio Capacitive Touch BoosterPack.

The host application has been developed for the value-line MSP430G2553 microcontroller (MCU), utilizing its dual timers with capture/compare registers and hardware UART peripherals to efficiently perform the task of a host MCU controlling signal processing operations on a DSP. The host application on the MSP430 MCU interfaces to components on the on the ACTBP to accept user inputs from the capacitive touch sensors, drive LEDs and send UART commands to the DSP software to achieve the desired system response.

The host application also sends message texts displayed on the OLED screen to the DSP and enables and disables the USB Mass Storage connection from DSP to the host PC.

Host Application User Interface

Upon powering-up the system from the ACTBP USB connector or from Power-Off mode, the MSP430 MCU on the LaunchPad first boots up the host application from on-chip flash and initializes its peripherals and other input/output ports. The host application then enables power to the rest of the circuitry on the ACTBP including the C5535 DSP, AIC3204 codec and OLED screen. The host application also drives the LEDs on the ACTBP in a clock-wise and then a faster counter-clockwise pattern.

Upon DSP initialization, the host application is in the Browse Directory mode and the Audio Player Recorder Framework on the DSP is in CPU idle mode waiting for a command on the UART interface. Only valid user inputs for a particular mode result in a UART command being sent to the DSP. The host application enables the CYCLE option in the framework to play MP3 files in a selected folder in a continuous loop.

ACTBP Host App State Machine

Browse Directory Mode

In the Browse Directory mode, the user can scroll clockwise or counter-clockwise on the capacitive-touch scroll wheel to display directory folders in the root directory. Tapping the CENTER location selects the folder displayed on the OLED screen (root directory or any folder in root). The following user inputs are valid in the Browse Directory mode:

  • SCROLL clock-wise: Next Directory
  • SCROLL counter clock-wise: Previous Directory
  • Tap CENTER location: Select Directory and go to Browse File Mode
  • Double-tap DOWN location: Enable USB MSC Mode
  • Hold UP location: Power Down Mode

Note:

    • The Audio Player Recorder Framework imposes a limit of 50 objects (files or directories) in any folder (including the root folder)
    • Folders in the root directory cannot have sub-directories

Browse File Mode

Upon selecting a folder, the host application changes to the Browse File mode. Scrolling now browses through the MP3 files in the chosen folder, both of which are displayed on the OLED screen. Tapping the CENTER location selects the MP3 file and starts playing the file in Playback mode. Holding the DOWN location for around 2 seconds sets the Audio Player Recorder Framework into Record mode. Currently the Audio Player Recorder Framework only supports MP3 format files.

The directory folders and files are not sorted alphabetical order but in order of its location in the file system on the micro SD Card. Usually, this is the order in which the folders or files were created or copied on to the micro SD Card.

ACTBP Capacitive Touch

The following user inputs are valid in the Browse File mode:

  • SCROLL clock-wise: Next File
  • SCROLL counter clock-wise: Previous File
  • Tap UP location: Go to Browse Directory Mode
  • Tap CENTER location: Play Selected File in Playback Mode
  • Double-tap DOWN location: Enable USB MSC
  • Hold DOWN location: Start Recording in Record Mode
  • Hold UP location: Power Down Mode

USB Mass Storage Mode

In both the Browse Directory and Browse File mode, the user can enter the USB Mass Storage (MSC) mode by tapping on the DOWN location twice quickly (double-tap). The contents of the micro SD Card on the ACTBP shows up as a removable drive on the host computer. To come out of USB MSC mode, eject the drive on the host computer and double-tap DOWN location after the OLED screen displays the “USB Mass Storage Enabled” message. The host application returns back to the Browse Directory mode.

Playback Mode

In Playback mode, the Framework plays MP3 files in the selected folder starting from the selected MP3 file in a repeat loop. The following user inputs are valid in the Playback mode:

  • SCROLL clock-wise: Volume Up
  • SCROLL counter clock-wise: Volume Down
  • Tap UP location: Enable/Disable Shuffle
  • Tap CENTER location: Pause/Resume Playback
  • Tap RIGHT location: Skip to Next File
  • Tap LEFT location: Skip to Start of Current File
  • Double-tap LEFT location: Skip to Previous File
  • Hold RIGHT location: Fast Forward
  • Hold LEFT location: Rewind
  • Hold CENTER location: Stop Play and Go Back to Browse File Mode
  • Hold UP location: Power Down Mode

If Shuffle is enabled, the play order is randomized and an indicator 'S' is displayed on the OLED screen. During Fast Forward/Rewind, if the end or start of file is reached, normal playback of the next or previous file in the play order is resumed. The host application reverts back to Browse File mode when playback is stopped by holding the CENTER location.

Record Mode

In Record mode, the framework starts recording in 48 kHz, 192 kbps, stereo MP3 format in the ‘RecDir’ folder (irrespective of the selected folder in the Browse Directory mode). The default naming convention for the recorded files is ‘RecXYZ.mp3’ where XYZ is a number the progressively increases from ‘000’ to ‘050’. The Center LED starts blinking in this mode. The following user inputs are valid in the Record mode:

  • Tap CENTER location: Pause/Resume Record
  • Hold CENTER location: Stop Record

If, when entering the Record mode, the ‘RecDir’ folder already has 50 files, the host application displays an appropriate message on the OLED screen and reverts back to the Browse File mode. In this situation it will be necessary to delete files from the ‘RecDir’ folder to be able to record MP3 files again.

Low-Power Modes

The host application includes power management logic to put the MSP430 MCU or both MCU and the C5535 DSP into low-power modes for optimal power savings.

  • Power-Down Mode: From any mode, holding the Up location for 2 seconds powers-down the system. In this state, the ACTBP (C5535 DSP, OLED and AIC3204) is powered off and the MSP430 MCU is in LPM3 mode. The MSP430 MCU wakes up every 750 ms to scan the capacitive touch sensors for a user input. System can be turned on again by holding the Up location again for 2 seconds.
  • Standby: If no user input is detected (no touch activity on the scroll wheel or on the center button), for 1 minute in the Browse Directory or Browse File modes, the host application puts the C5535 DSP in low-power RAM-retention standby state. This state is indicated by the Center LED being turned on. In this state the master clock to the DSP components is turned off and the OLED display is turned off. The MSP430 MCU is in LPM3 mode. The MCU wakes up every 750 ms to sample the proximity sensor. The system can be brought out of Standby by waving a hand 3 to 5 cm over the capacitive touch sensors on the ACTBP.
  • Low-Power Playback: In Playback mode, if no user input is detected for 1 minute, the host application puts the MSP430 MCU in LPM3 mode. The Center LED blinks slowly in this state. The MCU wakes up every 750 ms to sample the proximity sensor. The system can be brought out of this low-power mode by waving a hand 3 to 5 cm over the capacitive touch sensors on the ACTBP.

Developing ACTBP Host Application on the MSP430 LaunchPad

The ACTBP is shipped with a MSP430G2553IN20 MCU programmed with the LaunchPad ACTBP host application firmware. The contents of this section describes steps to develop/customize and debug the firmware using Code Composer Studio (CCS) version 4+ IDE.

Hardware Preparation

To ensure proper connection to the MSP430 emulation to debug MSP430 host application, it is necessary to remove jumper 'VCC' from the LaunchPad J3 header. Keep the default jumper settings on the ACTBP. Connect cables from a host computer to micro USB ports on both the LaunchPad and the ACTBP. Only the MSP430 flash emulation is powered from the LaunchPad USB connection. The ACTBP and the MSP430G2553 MCU on LaunchPad is powered from the ACTBP USB connection.

Software Download and Preparation

The steps described in the following sections are only required for developing or customizing the LaunchPad ACTBP host application firmware. The ACTBP host application operates on the LaunchPad platform using the MSP430G2553 device and the Audio Capacitive Touch Booster Pack plugin board. The capacitive touch and proximity sensing are enabled by the pin oscillator feature. The application also uses the Capacitive Touch Sense Library to realize and measure the capacitive touch and proximity sensors. The Capacitive Touch Sense Library provides layers of abstraction to generate higher logical outputs such as logical touches and their position (in this hardware, a four-button wheel).

Download

Link Version Release Date Description
File:ACTBP msp430v1.1.zip v1.1 April 13, 2012 MSP430G2553 LaunchPad host application for Audio Capacitive Touch Booster Pack with bug fixes
File:ACTBP msp430.zip v1.0 March 27, 2012 Initial release of MSP430G2553 LaunchPad host application for Audio Capacitive Touch Booster Pack


A zip file of the host application can be downloaded from the link listed here. All software is provided in both binary/executable and source code forms. When this package is installed, all CCS v4+ project files and the source code for the ACTBP host application can be found in the [INSTALL_PATH]\Source folder in the selected installation directory. The application firmware binary is installed to the [INSTALL_PATH]\Software folder.

Download Link for Code Composer Studio (CCS) IDE

The CCS IDE is required to develop application on the LaunchPad. More information on how to start developing applications for the LaunchPad and how to install the drivers and IDE that it requires can be found on the LaunchPad wiki page [[1]].

Project and File Configuration

 PROJECT_ROOT  - ACTBP_Host_App
     |   ACTBP_Host_App.c        <C file: Main application code>
     |   ACTBP_HostVars.h        <H file: Variables definition for host application>
     |   C55_APRF_UIF.h          <H file: Environment variables for Audio Player Recorder Framework (APRF)>
     |   ACTBP_capinput.c        <C file: CapacitanceTouch sensing and Gesture and Event detection>
     |   ACTBP_capinput.h        <H file: CapacitanceTouch sensing and Gesture and Event detection>
     |   ACTBP_uart.c            <C file: HW UART ISRs and UART APIs to communicate with DSP>
     |   ACTBP_uart.h            <H file: HW UART ISRs and UART APIs to communicate with DSP>
     |   ACTBP_timer.c           <C file: Timer ISRs and UART communication error timeout reset mechanism>
     |   ACTBP_timer.h           <C file: Timer ISRs and UART communication error timeout reset mechanism>
     |   ACTBP_filesys.c         <C file: Functions to send file system navigation commands to APRF>
     |   ACTBP_filesys.h         <H file: Functions to send file system navigation commands to APRF>
     |   ACTBP_display.c         <C file: Functions to send OLED display commands to APRF>
     |   ACTBP_display.h         <H file: Functions to send OLED display commands to APRF>
     |   ACTBP_test.c            <C file: Initial test code>
     |   README                  <This file>
     |   
     +---[CapTouchLibrary]       <Capacitive Touch Library Code>
     |       Cap_Touch_HAL.c         
     |       Cap_Touch_HAL.h
     |       Cap_Touch_Layer.c
     |       Cap_Touch_Layer.h
     |       structure.c         <Created using template_structure.*>
     |       structure.h         <Configured/calibrated specifically for this HW>
     |       
     +---[CCS]                   <CCS Project Configuration Files>  
     |                           <All listed files are required>
     |                           <The non-listed can be safely removed>
     |   .ccsproject           
     |   .cdtbuild             
     |   .cdtproject
     |   .project                <Contains links to portable project folders/files>
     |   lnk_msp430g2553.cmd
     |   macros.ini              <Enables portable project>
     |   MSP430G2553.ccxml


Import Project in CCS

To import the project into CCS:

  1. Open CCS.
  2. Select a new project workspace outside of the project folder (The workspace should be in an independent folder, not containing or contained by the project/package folder).
  3. Select Project-->Import Existing Project.
  4. Browse to the [PROJECT_ROOT]\CCS folder.
  5. Make sure that "Copy projects into workspace" is not checked.
  6. Click Finish

NOTE: For CCS, while project root is in the outer directory, the CCS project files are located inside CCS. To enable the portability of the project, the file macros.ini is created to define the root. Additionally, all project code files (.c, .h) are added as linked resources with their relative path to the project root.

CapacitiveTouch Sense Library

The Capacitive Touch Sense Library CAPSENSELIBRARY is a configurable tool to abstract the various peripheral settings from the application and perform several capacitive touch functions through API calls. The following describes the configuration of the library to support the Capacitive Touch Booster Pack, the methodology to calibrate the different elements, and how the API calls are used in the application.

  • Configuration
    The first step in the configuration process is identifying the methodology used to measure the capacitance. For the Audio Capacitive Touch Booster Pack, the goal is to highlight the new PinOsc feature; therefore, an RO implementation is chosen, and the relaxation oscillator is implemented with the PinOsc. The RO implementation requires two timers (hardware or software timers): an interval timer (gate) and a frequency counter. The frequency counter is implemented with the Timer_A0 peripheral, and the interval timer is implemented with the WDT+.

    The capacitance sensing elements of the Audio Capacitive Touch Booster Pack is represented in the various structures defined in the file structure.c. The element structures define the GPIO and the performance characteristics of each element. The GPIOs are defined first, the appropriate sensor characteristics are defined, and the performance characteristics are measured and added.

    The sensor structure groups elements as appropriate and identifies the measurement characteristic for that group, namely the interval period. For the RO method, increasing the interval time increases the sensitivity; however, this is at the cost of response time, which is critical for supporting the Audio Player Recorder demo application.

    Unlike the original Capacitive Booster Pack User Experience 430BOOST-SENSE1in which the proximity sensor and the button and wheel uses an SMCLK of 125 kHz and 1 MHz respectively, the ACTBP host application uses an SMCLK of 1 MHz for both sensors. The interval count is 8192: 8.192-ms gate time for the button and wheel elements and the proximity element. The wheel is a special kind of sensor in which each element contributes to the sensor performance. The wheel is made up of four elements divided into 64 points or sections and requires that the cumulative response exceed 75 percent. This percentage is based upon the normalized response where meeting the threshold would represent 0% and the maximum response would represent 100%. This is to account for cases when the interaction is near the edges of the wheel instead of the middle.

  • Calibration
    The calibration of the middle button and the proximity sensor are relatively straight forward, because the desired output is a binary indication of whether or not the threshold is exceeded. Using a controlled test fixture to represent the minimum touch (distance in the case of the proximity sensor), the values are recorded and input as the threshold value in the element structure.

    The calibration for the wheel is more complicated, as several measurements are required at various positions. See the "Sensor Arrays: Wheels and Sliders" section in the Capacitive Touch Sense Library User's Guide SLAA490 for a detailed explanation. The calibration values for each element are recorded in the element structure in the file structure.c.


ACTBP Host Application Architecture

Controlling DSP operations is realized through three main operations in the host application firmware:

ACTBP Host SW Block Diagram
  1. Gesture / Event Detection
    The host application periodically scans the capacitance touch sensors to detect user inputs and identify the intended gestures such as scrolling direction, single and double taps and extended hold. These gestures are set to pre-defined Events based on the location of these gestures.
  2. State Machine / Context Update
    The expected system behavior of Audio Player Recorder demo is captured in a state machine and the Current and Previous States are updated based on the detected Event. The current Context of the Audio Player Recorder Framework is also maintained and updated.
  3. UART Communication to the DSP
    The required UART command or sequence of commands is sent to the DSP based on the Current State and context of the Audio Player Recorder Framework. These command(s) instruct the Framework to perform the required operations which include navigating the file system on the SD Card, playing or recording MP3 files, updating the OLED display with appropriate texts or prompts and enabling /disabling USB mass storage connection to a host PC. Details of Audio Player Recorder Framework UART interface is documented on the Audio Capacitive Touch BoosterPack C5535 Software wiki page.

 

Gesture / Event Detection

The gesture detection algorithm is adapted from the original Capacitive Touch Booster Pack User Experience demo. The Capacitive Touch Library is used to configure, calibrate, and control the capacitive sensors. The sensor pads are configured in the structure.h & structure.c files. Specifically 6 elements are divided into three sensors: 1 proximity sensor, 1 capacitive touch button (center button), and a 4-element wheel. After each element is calibrated to determine the touch threshold as well as their maximum values in number of counts (which correlate to the measured capacitances), these calibration values are registered inside structure.c.

The cap_touch_hal.* files provide the hardware abstract layer for the cap touch library, which essentially provides different hardware/peripheral options to drive the capacitive touch functionality. The Pin Oscillator peripheral in the MSP430G2553 MCU is used. The cap_touch_layer.* files provides the capacitive touch layer, which offers functions that process the raw data into structured format. The main application utilizes this layer for their API calls to setup, measure baseline, detect touches, and detect wheel positions. Refer to the Capacitive Touch Library documentation for more information on the Capacitive Touch Library.

The application samples and registers individual finger touches on the 16-position wheel or the CENTER button as well as simple gestures [clockwise & counter-clockwise] while the finger moves along and remains on the wheel. Upon wheel position detection, the corresponding LEDs surrounding the wheel light up accordingly. Each individual tap on the CENTER capacitive touch button toggles the center LED.

Proximity Sensor

The proximity sensor is made of the entire top PCB layer surface that covers the capacitive touch wheel. The proximity sensor detection occurs when the measured capacitance increases due to the presence of some conductive object within 1-2 inch from the surface. Generally, a hand wave motion in parallel and 1-2 inch from the ACTBP can trigger the detection.

Individual Touch on Capacitive Touch Sensors

The center button (small round button in the middle of the board) can register an individual touch/press. The capacitive touch wheel consists of four physical "ninja-star" elements arranged in a wheel formation that is calibrated & programed to provide 16-position detection. These positions can be detected individually as a button press. A press by the application's definition is constituted by a separate and single position detection registered continuously [i.e. press begins when the position is touched and after no other position was detected, and ends when another position is detected or no further position is detected].

Wheel Gestures on Capacitive Touch Sensors

A gesture on the capacitive touch wheel is formed when a continuous series of touches is detected (no no-detection is reported, i.e. finger never leaves the wheel). A complete continuous finger motion on the wheel might consist of several intermediate gestures, each with one separate direction (clockwise or counter-clockwise).

Defined Events

The host application has the following Events as defined in the ACTBP_HostVars.h header file in the [INSTALL_PATH]\Source\ folder to reflect the allowed user touch input conditions on the capacitive touch sensors:

Event Description Event Description
UP Tap detected on UP button RIGHT Tap detected on RIGHT button
DOWN Tap detected on DOWN button LEFT Tap detected on LEFT button
MID Tap detected on CENTER button MID_HOLD Hold (extended-touch) detected on CENTER button
UP_HOLD Hold (extended-touch) detected on UP button RIGHT_HOLD Hold (extended-touch) detected on RIGHT button
DOWN_HOLD Hold (extended-touch) detected on DOWN button LEFT_HOLD Hold (extended-touch) detected on LEFT button
DOWNx2 Double-tap detected on DOWN button LEFTx2 Double-tap detected on LEFT button
SCROLL_RIGHT Clockwise scroll wheel gesture detected SCROLL_LEFT Counter clockwise scroll wheel gesture detected
HOLD_END No activity detected after Hold Event indicating end of the Hold Event


Other Events Used in Gesture Detection

A few other events are defined to indicate start or end of detected HOLD events:

Event Description Event Description
THOLD_ON UP, RIGHT, DOWN or LEFT touch hold event detected MHOLD_ON CENTER button touch hold event detected
SCROLL_ON Scrolling detected NO_HOLD End of detected hold event


State Machine / Context Update

Once an event has been detected, the host application updates a control state machine if the event is a valid user input in the current state as described in Section 2. As defined in the ACTBP_HostVars.h header file in the [INSTALL_PATH]\Source\ folder, the state machine has the following states:

State Description State Description
BROWSE_DIR File system navigation to browse directories in root and select directory BROWSE_FILE File system navigation to browse and select MP3 files for playback in selected directory
NXT_DIR Display next directory NXT_FILE Display next file in selected directory
PRV_DIR Display previous directory PRV_FILE Display previous file in selected directory
PLAY Active playback state PAUSE Playback pause
FF Fast forward operation on file currently playing RWD Rewind operation on file currently playing
SKIP_F Skip to next file in play order SKIP_B Skip to previous file in play order
SKIP_START Skip to start of currently playing file SHUFFLE Enable/disable shuffle mode
VOL_UP Volume up operation VOL_DOWN Volume down operation
RECORD Active record state REC_PAUSE Record pause
USB_MSC USB mass storage class enabled PWR_OFF Power off state with DSP powered off and MSP430 MCU in LPM3 state


The host application uses the following structure to track the current context of the host application and Audio Player Recorder Framework:

 /* Structure to store working context */
 struct ContextABP 
 {
    enum event current_event;          /* Latest detected event                                    */ 
    enum event_hold last_event;        /* Hold event detected                                      */ 
    enum state current_state;          /* Current state of state machine                           */
    enum state last_state;             /* Previous state                                           */
    int curr_dir_num;                  /* Directory number of currently selected directory         */
    int curr_file_num;                 /* File number of currently active file                     */       
    int curr_dir_count;                /* Total number of directories in currently selected folder */
    int root_dir_count;                /* Total number of directories in root folder               */
    int curr_file_count;               /* Total number of files in currently selected folder       */
    unsigned char curr_volume;         /* Current volume level                                     */
    unsigned char curr_play_status;    /* Current playback status                                  */
    unsigned char curr_record_status;  /* Current record status                                    */
    unsigned shuffle_status:1;         /* Current shuffle status                                   */
    unsigned cycle_status:1;           /* Current cycle status                                     */
    unsigned USB_cableinsert:1;        /* Current status USB connection to host computer           */
    unsigned disable_command:1;        /* Flag to disable state machine update on detected event   */
 };


UART Communication to the DSP

The host application uses the hardware UART on the MSP430G2553 MCU to communicate with the Audio Player Recorder Framework on the C5535 DSP. Based on the detected user input event, the state machine is updated and the appropriate UART command or sequence of commands is sent to the DSP to achieve the desired system response. The Virtual Registers of the Audio Player Recorder Framework can be written to or read from using scalar (6-byte packet) or array (custom-defined length) UART packets as documented in the Audio Capacitive Touch BoosterPack C5535 Software wiki page.

UART API

Three UART API have been implemented in the host application based on the general UART APIs recommended in C5535 Software documentation wiki. Given the limited on-chip RAM (512 Bytes) on the MSP430G2553 MCU, the API for array reads has not been implemented. An acknowledge (ACK) packet is sent by the DSP for every UART command by the host application. The host application implements a fixed 23-second timeout to receive the ACK. If the ACK is not received in time, the host application flashes the LEDS on the ACTBP and power cycles the DSP. This section documents the UART APIs implemented for the host application.

 Status uif_writeScalar(unsigned int virtualRegisterAddr, unsigned long value, unsigned int ignore_ack);

Arguments

IN unsigned int virtualRegisterAddr
  Virtual register name like play_file,time_out, dir_info etc.
  unsigned long value
  Value to Write
  unsigned int ignore_ack
  Flag to ignore ACK
OUT None

Return Value

Status ACK Error Code

Comments

None.

Constraints

None.


 Status uif_writeArray(unsigned int virtualRegisterAddr, unsigned int length, char* arrayToWrite);

Arguments

IN unsigned int virtualRegisterAddr
  Virtual register name like play_file,time_out, dir_info etc.
  unsigned int length
  Length of array to write
  CHAR* arrayToWrite
  Array to write
OUT None

Return Value

Status ACK Error Code

Comments

None.

Constraints

Array size is limited to 21 characters.


 Status uif_readScalar(unsigned int virtualRegisterAddr, unsigned long *value);

Arguments

IN unsigned int virtualRegisterAddr
  Virtual register name like play_file,time_out, dir_info etc.
OUT unsigned long* value
  Read-back value

Return Value

Status ACK Error Code

Comments

None.

Constraints

None.

MSP430 Capacitive Touch Library


Developing on the MSP430 LaunchPad

  • Jumper settings:
    • J4 - VCC, TEST, & RESET need shorting blocks to program the MSP430 through USB FET on LaunchPad
    • Connect USB to MSP430 USB port
      • If connecting both USBs remove JP3 from the BoosterPack board
      • Power concern during programming? Need to remove JP3 regardless?


FAQ

  • Q: What MSP430 Value Line Products can support this software?
  • A: The ACTBP ships with the MSP430G2553IN20 device, which has 16KB Flash and 512 Bytes RAM. The current ACTBP LaunchPad Host App requires xxKB and yy Bytes RAM. The G2xx3 series of the MSP430 Value Line includes a hardware UART on pins X.X and X.Y. UART communication between MSP430 and C5535 requires UART_TX on X.X and UART_RX on X.Y (or refer to J1 and J2 header locations)
  • Q: How does this capacitive touch software differ from the MSP430 Capacitive Touch BoosterPack?
  • A: LED mapping is different, only one LED lights up at a time instead of 2, hardware UART is used to communicate to the C5535 DSP on the ACTBP board. Both softwares use the same library (available here)

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