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RTOS Software Developer Guide PROFILING


User Interface




The profiling library can be used to profile any of the Platform Development Kit components at the runtime. Feature enables reporting of cpu cycles measurement for PDK driver components in order to analyze and meet constraint requirement for a real time application. Profiling module uses hardware clock of PMU to measure length of each task in processor cycles with minimal overhead. It use standard C programming hooks that may be adapted for any platform and/or processor architecture.


Baremetal or No-OS Use case

Reference Utils library path to be included in application build environment.

-l <ti/utils/profiling/lib/[cpu]/>

Reference lld library path to be included.(Replace profile suffix library with original one)

-l <ti/drv/uart/lib/[soc]/[cpu]/lld.profiling>


-l "ti/utils/profiling/lib/armv7/ti.utils.profiling.aa15fg" -l "ti/drv/uart/lib/armv7/ti.drv.uart.profiling.aa15fg>

SysBIOS based application

Refer *.cfg of Uart test application for sample implementation

1) load utils package.

var Utils = xdc.loadPackage('ti.utils.profiling');

2) Set the ‘enableProfiling’ attribute to ‘true’ into the .cfg file. This will load library with profiling enabled

var Uart = xdc.loadPackage('ti.drv.uart’);
Uart.Settings.enableProfiling = true;

3) Enable DDR3 memory, if not already enabled in test/example application

Program.sectMap[".fardata:benchmarking"] = "DDR3";

4) Add following line in .cfg if it does not exist already. Enable the Task hooks for Task switches.

var Task = xdc.useModule('ti.sysbios.knl.Task');

registerFxn: '&TaskRegisterId',
switchFxn: '&mySwitch',

Additional compiler flags

1) For gcc compiler add

-gdwarf-3 -finstrument-functions 

2) For TI compiler add

--entry_parm=address --exit_hook=ti_utils_exit --exit_parm=address --entry_hook=ti_utils_entry

Reference: *project.txt inside UART test application

Rebuild the project

Profiling Processing

All LLD Test/DMATest projects located under "LLD/test/" has profiling configuration enabled by default.

Load compiled program onto desired target and platform. Run program to a desired logical point where profiling data needs to be collected

1) While program is at the break, open the Memory Browser (View > Memory Browser).

2) Save a memory snapshot by clicking "Save", setting the start address to "elemlog" and length to "log_idx*4". (It is preferred to save it into ti .dat format.)

Profiling Post-processing

Host Environment:Windows or Ubuntu Tools dependencies:

Tools Download
python 2.7

(Follow the standard instruction for installing the tools from their websites.)

Running the script

Open a cmd/terminal & set to the directory of the "" Python script (typically under utils/profiling/scripts)

python -flags [log 1] [executable 1]


python -v uart.dat UART_BasicExample_k2h_armTestproject.out

Optional flags

Flags Response
-v Display verbose output
–t Breakdown function totals by their reference sites
–x Print the tabulated results into a report.xlsx Excel file
-csv Print the tabulated results into a report.csv file
-off N Manual instrumentation offset of N cycles, subtracted from each function.

(The instrumentation program already generates an offset from itself that is subtracted from the function times. Use this flag only if there is an additional offset you would like to subtract.)

Report Fields

Term Meaning
Function Name of instrumented function
Referenced_By Call site of instrumented function
Total_Cycles Inclusive/Exclusive processor cycles elapsed for instrumented function
Average_Cycles Processor cycles elapsed for instrumented function per reference
Total_Calls Number of times instrumented function is called
Average_Calls Number of times instrumented function is called per reference
Iterations Number of times instrumented function was referenced

(inclusive(inc): including the cycles of its child functions within, exclusive(exc): excluding the cycles of its child functions.)


Remaining functions on the stack at last timestamp will be considered closed.

BIOS functions are not accounted by instrumentation and will not appear in the report.

Functions which are optimized out will not appear in the report eg. empty/single-line functions, ti_sysbios_* functions etc.