Rapid Spanning Tree setup example using mstpd

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This is a simple demonstration example to setup a RSTP network which is a mode of the mstpd daemon that is provided in the Processors Linux SDK file system. This example setup is done from the Linux command line. Users that require automatic interface, bridge and msptd daemon setup at system initialization will need to do the steps necessary to implement this initialization method.


If you need a background in the bridge utility that Linux supports please refer to this link.

https://wiki.linuxfoundation.org/networking/bridge


The link above documents the kernel brctl utility that creates network bridges and the spanning tree protocol (STP) support provided by the kernel. To go beyond STP requires a user level daemon that will manage the tree topology and changes to that topology. The pre-built kernel binaries and file system do not require changes to use the mstpd daemon. RSTP mode of the mstpd daemon was tested on TI EVMs that have multiple CPSW or PRU ports. Multi-port boards will have dual mac mode enabled for the CPSW as out of the box configurations for TI EVMs. There are additional PRU-ICSS Ethernet ports available on the AM57x class IDK boards. This diagram shows one of the topologies used to test the setup.


Alt text
3 node ring demonstrating port blocking on low cost link


Please note that the topology was tested across CPSW only ports, PRU-ICSS Ethernet only ports and a one CPSW and one PRU-ICSS port.


To set up the environment shown above, first on each board bring up the interfaces that will be used for the bridge with the ifconfig command. Next on each board a bridge must be created and then add in the two interfaces to the bridge. The bridge is then enabled in STP mode. Then as a last configuration step use the mstpctl utility to transition the bridge from STP to RSTP mode.


Setup the ports, IP addresses are not used for the Ethernet ports in a bridge.


ifconfig eth0 up

ifconfig eth1 up


Now create and setup bridge br0 using the brctl application.


brctl create br0

brctl addif br0 eth0

brctl addif br0 eth1

ifconfig br0 up


Now switch the bridge mode from stp to rstp using the mstpctl application


mstpctl setforcevers br0 rstp


Now look on each platform to verify where the root node is with these commands


mstpctl showbridge