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WL18xxMOD Regulatory Product Certification

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New certification download and request page: http://www.ti.com/tool/wl18xx-CERTIFICATION

Introduction

TI WL18xxMOD Modules are certified for FCC, IC, CE and MIC. Moreover, the modules are Bluetooth Qualified Design by the Bluetooth® Special Interest Group (Bluetooth® SIG). TI Customers that build products based on the TI WiLink  8 modules reference can save testing cost and shorten time to market . Certified module reduces production costs and allows savings of over $60K for 2.4GHz only modules and over $90K  for 2.4GHz and 5GHz modules family along with avoidance of test cycling and support resources.


NoteNote: Please consult with your Telecommunication Certification Body (TCB) regarding any regulatory certifications. The information is composed of recommended guidelines only and shall not be used as a process for regulatory Host End Product, Module or any other regulatory certifications.

In order to find local TCB LAB, you can refer to  FCC search. Under Reports -> TCB search.
In the Countries Accepting FCC/IC/CE/MIC Reports section of this page, there is a table that will inform you of the worldwide coverage that our module provides you.


TI Design Network partner LSR will now provide a free EMC antenna implementation assessment

LSR, a long-standing member of the TI Design Network, is currently offering a free EMC (electromagnetic compatibility) antenna implementation assessment for any WiLink™ 8 module based project. This antenna implementation assessment will ensure that your product design correctly follows the WiLink 8 antenna implementation guidelines found in the TI documentation. The assessment assists with proper implementation which is required to satisfy FCC/IC modular certification and ETSI requirements.
Within one week of submitting the necessary design documentation, LSR will provide an email report detailing the results of the assessment and any recommended next steps. To take advantage of this free assessment, CLICK HERE to submit your request.


Warning Note

WL1837MOD \ WL1807MOD modules as presently configured has been granted US Federal Communications Commission (FCC) equipment authorization (reference number Z64-WL18DBMOD).
WL1835MOD \ WL1831MOD \ WL1805MOD \ WL1801MOD modules  as presently configured has been granted US Federal Communications Commission (FCC) equipment authorization (reference number Z64-WL18SBMOD).
Please note that any modifications to the device software or configuration, including but not limited to the init file(s), can cause device performance to vary beyond the scope of the currently referenced FCC authorization.
Accordingly, if any user modifications are sought to be made to the device software or configuration, the user may be required to independently seek fresh FCC and other regulatory authorizations as relevant prior to distributing or marketing the devices or products incorporating the same.

WL18xxMOD Variants

Device WLAN 2.4-GHZ SISO(1) WLAN 2.4-GHZ MIMO(1) WLAN 2.4-GHZ MRC(2) Bluetooth WLAN 5-GHZ SISO(1)(3)
WL1837MOD
V
V
V
V
V
WL1807MOD
V
V
V
V
WL1835MOD
V
V
V
V
WL1831MOD
V
V
WL1805MOD
V
V
V
WL1801MOD
V


NoteNote: FCC/IC/CE/MIC certification applies to all flavors of WL18xxMOD modules
(1) SISO: single input, single output; MIMO: multiple input, multiple output.
(2) MRC: maximum ratio combining; supported at 2.4-GHz only.
(3) Antenna Diversity supported for 5-GHz.


Certified antenna types

WL1835MOD/WL1831MOD/WL1805MOD/WL1801MOD modules:

Antenna Type Brand Antenna gain 2.4GHz~2.5GHz(dBi) Part number(for reference only)
PCB
Ethertronics
-0.6
1000423
Dipole
LSR
2
001-0012
PCB
Laird
2
CAF94505
Chip
Pulse
3.2
W3006
PIFA
LSR
2
001-0016
Chip
TDK
2.4
ANT016008



WL1837MOD/WL1807MOD modules:  

Antenna Type Brand Antenna gain 2.4GHz~2.5GHz(dBi) Antenna gain 4.9GHz~5.8GHz(dBi) Part number(for reference only)
PCB
Ethertronics
-0.6
4.5
1000423
Dipole
LSR
2
2
001-0012
PCB
Laird
2
4
CAF94505
Chip
Pulse
3.2
4.2
W3006
PIFA
LSR
2
3
001-0016
Chip
TDK
2.4
3.96
ANT016008


NoteNote: The part number is for reference only - any antenna from the listed types with equal or lower gain can be used for re-use of the certification


Single Antenna Solution

Customers working with WL1837MOD/WL1807MOD modules that require only single antenna solution ( 2.4Ghz WLAN SISO/ BT/ 5GHz single antenna) and still reuse the original certification can do that by making sure that no RF comes out of the second antenna port ( 2.4 MIMO only / 5Ghz diversity ) by simply following the requirements:

  • Leave the second RF port open ( pin number 18 = N.C)
  • INI change – 2.4 assembled antenna = 1


Countries Accepting FCC/IC/CE/MIC Reports

TI’s FCC/ETSI test reports can be used to file for certifications with 40+ other countries.

The end product's manufacturer will need to file in each country for certification using the FCC/ETSI reports. Some countries do not recognize modular approval. FCC/ESTI reports help with End product testing with the module integrated and the tests do not need to be repeated.

  • Countries in red support FCC filings and certification
  • Countries in green are covered by IC filings and certifications
  • Countries in blue are covered by ETSI/CE certification
  • Countries in purple are covered by MIC certification
  • Countries in orange are covered by FCC or ETSI/CE certification
  • Countries in brown are covered by FCC or IC filings and certifications
Countries Accepting FCC/IC/CE/ETSI Certification
Albania Angola Austria Azerbaijan Belgium Belize Bolivia Brunei Bulgaria Cameroon
Cambodia Canada Chile Congo Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Ecuador
Egypt El Salvador Estonia Finland France Germany Ghana Greece Guatemala Guinea
Honduras Hungary Iceland Ireland India Italy Japan Jordan Kenya Latvia
Lesotho Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Malawi Malaysia Malta Mauritiania Mexico Bolivia
Montenegro Mozambique Namibia Netherland Nicaragua Nigeria Norway Oman Panama Paraguay
Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Quatar Romania Rwanda Senegal Serbia Slovakia
Slovenia South Africa Spain Sweden Swaziland Switzerland Taiwan Tarzania Turkey Uganda
United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States Uruguay Venezuela Zimbabwe

NoteNote: Please consult with your Telecommunication Certification Body (TCB) regarding any regulatory certifications. The information are recommended guidelines only and shall not be used as a process for regulatory Host End Product, Module or any other regulatory certifications.

Certification Laboratory (Sporton International)

Sporton international.jpg

The laboratory where TI tested certification aspects of the WL18xxMOD was conducted by Sporton International. Sporton has accredited laboratories, meeting and exceeding expectations set by various conformance and regulatory agencies.

Sporton International has several memberships, including:

  • GCF lab
  • PTCRB validation group
  • CTIA Cellular Telecommunication & Internet Association
  • WiFI Alliance contributing member
  • ETSI European Telecommunications Standards Institute
  • OMA
  • NFC Forum Authorized Test Lab

In addition, they are a one stop service for both regulatory and industry standard compliance.

  • Regulatory (mandatory)
    • FCC, CE, JRF, International Approval
    • EMC/Basic RF/SAR/HAC/Safety
  • Industry Standard (voluntary)
    • GCF/PTCRB
    • CTIA OTA
    • Field trial
    • Qi
    • NFC


Certifications & Compliance

  • WiFi operates in the unlicensed 2.4GHz and 5GHz bands
    • Licenses are not required to communicate between two devices
  • WiFi is an intentional transmitter
    • Requires certification of the device with industry regulation


Federal Communications Commission
FCC LOGO.jpg 

  • independent agency of the U.S. government in charge of regulating interstate and international communications
  • Certified for United States
  • Tests reports recognized by other countries for filing
  • Costs ~$25k for compliance testing/certification

Industry Canada
IC LOGO.jpg

  • Canadian agency regulating the electronics industry
  • Certified for Canada
  • Accepts FCC test reports for filing certifications
  • Test reports recognized by other countries for filing
  • Costs ~$25k for compliance testing/certification

European Telecommunications Standards Institute
ETSI LOGO.jpg
Conformité Européenne (European Conformity)
CE LOGO.jpg

  • The CE marking is a mandatory conformance mark on many products in the European Economic Area
  • ETSI produces globally applicable standards for information and communications
  • CE Radio Approval
  • ETSI testing is recognized by 40+ countries for filing
  • Costs ~$25k for compliance testing

Minister for Internal Affairs and Communications
TELEC LOGO.jpg Telec logo.gif

  • Runs the the Japanese equipment authorization program
  • Certified for Japan
  • TELEC Test reports are available
  • Costs ~$25k for compliance testing/certification


FCC Certification

The TI WL18xxMOD modules are certified for FCC as a single-modular transmitter.

  • The TI WL18xxMOD is a FCC certified radio module that carries a “Modular” grant
  • Certified radio modules complies to the “Intentional Radiator” portion (Part 15c) for FCC certification: Part 15.247 Transmitter tests
  • Part 15.247 transmitter tests consists of
  • AC Power Conducted Emissions
  • Radiated Emissions
  • Band Edge Measurements
  • 6dB bandwidth
  • Conducted Power
  • Power Spectral Density
  • Meeting Antenna Requirements
  • The customer can refer to TI's FCC certification
  • “Modular” certified radio modules are allowed for integration into multiple host end products by the FCC

NoteNote: FCC certification is supported on channels 1-11

Useful Links

App note on modular FCC certification
LS Reserach App Note for FCC Permissive Change
WL18xxMOD_Certification_Reports

NoteNote: LSR is TI's recommended Partner for any services related to Regulatory Certification or Permissive changes


How To certify Host End Products

  • An end product incorporating the WL18XXMOD module, does not require additional testing or authorization for the WiFi/BT transceiver as long as:
    1. The conducted power of the end product is equal or less to the original certification
    2. An antenna of the same or similar type and equal or less gain antenna used on the final product
    3. The host device does not change the RF exposure condition from mobile to portable operation.
    4. Any restrictions found in the grants are followed in the OEM’s end product when integrating the TI module.
    • Mobile operation: the device is operated away from user at least 20 cm. Such as access point or router.
    • Portable operation: the device is operated away from user less than 20 cm. Such as tablet PC or phone.
  • Host end products can use the FCC ID of the certified module as the FCC ID of the host end product
  • A label displaying the module’s FCC ID must be affixed and visible on the host end product for approval
  • FCC IDs are required for host end products with radio transmitters

FCC Part 15 Cert. Process/Flow
Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 Step 4
Sub Part A
  • General Provisions & Definitions


Sub Part B
  • Unintentional Radiators
    • Devices whose purpose is not to produce radio waves, but which do anyway, such as computers
Sub Part C
  • Intentional Radiators
    • Devices designed to produce coherent radio waves, such as small transmitters
  • Customers can reuse TI's Certifications
Device Class A and B
  • Additional testing for intended use



  • Customers still need to take their products through other FCC/IC testing such as unintentional radiators (FCC sub part 15B) including any other required regionally driven end product certifications such as EU directives
  • The manufacturer of the host end products are still responsible for any additional testing covered by the Class of the product. Device Class A and B.
    • Class A: Digital Device for use in a commercial, industrial or business environment, i.e. mainframe computers and sophisitcated multiuser/engineering computers
    • Class B: Digital Device for use in a residential environment not withstanding use in commercial, business and industrial environments, i.e. personal/portable computers
      • The FCC allows for self-declaration for Part B so the process should be relatively painless
      • Standards for Class B devices tend to be stricter due to their location near radios, tvs, and other receivers susceptible to interference


The customer can refer to the Electronic Code of Federal Regulation for Telecommunications, Part 15: Radio Frequencies Devices for more details on each sub part.


Reuse of FCC certification

A permissive change allows products to be modified without requiring a new FCC filing. For our purposes, we deal with two types of permissive changes: class 1 and class 2. These classes are used in order to define the level of change that occurs whenever a cusomer diverges from the a reference design.

Class 1 permissive changes are modifications that don't degrade device characteristics that are reported by the manufacturer and are accepted by commission. In these cases, no filing is needed.

Class 2 permissive changes are modifications that change the performance characteristics that were reported to the commission at initial certification. With the alterations in place, the device must still meet the minimum requirements. The grantee must supply the commission with a complete list and results of the characteristics that are affected by the modification. Until the commission acknowledges that the change is allowed, the host end product cannot be marketed under the existing grant.

  • In case conducted power of the Host is higher than original module(for example shorter RF trace to antenna) new FCC ID is required and all the tests must be repeated, otherwise please follow the table:
Tests vs Changes Same Antenna Type
Antenna Gain: Host < Module
C1PC
Same Antenna Type
Antenna Gain: Host > Module
C2PC is required!
Different Antenna Type:
C2PC is required!
RF-Conducted Leverage Leverage Leverage
RF-Radiated Leverage Full test Full test
SAR/MPE For portable device: new SAR report. New MPE report
For portable device: new SAR report.
New MPE report
For portable device: new SAR report
EMC Full test on host level Full test on host level Full test on host level
Lead Time EMC/RF: 1 week
SAR: depends on host
EMC/RF: 1-2 weeks
SAR: depends on host
EMC/RF: 1-2 weeks
SAR: depends on host
Document/licensing from TI 1) POA to authorize Sporton to handle the application
2) C2PC letter to clarify the purpose of the application
(ex: integrating module into host platform)
1) POA to authorize Sporton to handle the application
2) C2PC letter to clarify the purpose of the application
(ex: integrating module into host platform)
Document from end customer 1) Antenna report
2) Product label sample of the host
3) User manual of the host
1) Antenna report
2) Product label sample of the host
3) User manual of the host

NoteNote: For the certified antenna types/gain please refer to Certified antenna types

  • Host: Host end products
  • Module: TI WL18XXMOD module
  • Portable Devices: Cellphones, tablet PCs, laptops, etc.
  • SAR: Specific absorption rate
  • MPE: Maximum permissible exposure
  • EMC: Electromagnetic compatibility


  • C1PC (class 1 permissive change): No submission to regulatory
  • C2PC (class 2 permissive change): Submission to regulatory


Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Can the customer change the Antenna Gain?
A: Customers that copy the TI Reference Layout and modify it to use a lower gain antenna can generally leverage TI FCC ID through a Permissive Class 1 change.

Q: Can the customer change the layout or use a different type of Antenna?
A: Customers that modify the antenna or layout in a way that changes the power (higher gain, shorter traces) are not able to leverage TI FCC ID through a Permissive Class 1 change. Such changes generally require additional testing and certification approval through a regulatory lab.

Q: How can I get additional information on what is and is not permitted?
A: Changes to a modular radio or product will result in either a Permissive Change or a new FCC filing and ID number. The degree of change is the determining factor for both the process and the amount of supporting data required to illustrate compliance. LSR is a TI recommended partner and takes pride in helping customers evaluate and develop the most beneficial test plan to properly address these changes.

Q: What steps must I take if I have a Class 1 Permissive Change?
A: In the case of a Class 1 Permissive Change, no submission to the FCC is required since the emissions of the device are not impacted. For more detailed information, please look at the FCC Permissive Change Policies

Q: What steps must I take if I have a Class 2 Permissive Change?
A: In the case of a Class 2 Permissive Change, you will need to submit a change in ID
From the FCC 996369 D02 Module Q and A v01 - "File for a change in ID Certification (§ 2.933).
1) An applicant can only file for a change in ID for a certified module if they have written permission from the original grantee. The written permission from the original grantee shall be filed as a Cover Letter exhibit with the change in ID application and shall be signed or endorsed by an authorized representative of the original grantee.
2) The party filing for the change in ID may subsequently file a Class II permissive change to amend a grant and expand the operating environments tested by the original party, which may not have been applicable or necessary at the time. In some cases, the original party may be willing to file the permissive change, making the change in ID unnecessary."
submission to the FCC is required in order to ensure that the emissions of a device are still within requirements. When a Class 2 Permissive Change is filed for either EMC or RF exposure purposes, an EMC test report or RF exposure evaluation is required regardless of whether these levels have degraded. If the device is portable, RF exposure evaluation requirements are based on SAR comparisons. For more detailed information, please look at the FCC Permissive Change Policies.
Note: For the change in ID please contact TI local representative.


Q: What is the procedure for two FCC certified modules in a single host?
A: A module or modules can only be used without additional authorizations if they have been tested and granted under the same intended end-use operational conditions, including simultaneous transmission operations. When they have not been tested and granted in this manner, additional testing and/or FCC application filing may be required. The most straightforward approach to address additional testing conditions is to have the grantee responsible for the certification of at least one of the modules submit a permissive change application

Q: Does the FCC grant for the WL18xxMOD allow for “collocated transmitters”?
A: No, the WL18xxMOD cannot be collocate with any other transmitters directly.
A module or modules can only be used without additional authorizations if they have been tested and granted under the same intended end-use operational conditions, including simultaneous transmission operations.
Hence, it would only be allowed after a permissive change. (C1PC<no filing> or C2PC<filing>, or even a NEW FCC ID<filing>… Depends on the EMC and RF exposure(MPE/SAR) evaluation.)


IC Certification

The TI WL18xxMOD modules are certified for IC (Industry Canada) as a single-modular transmitter

  • For Industry Canada, the TI WL18xxMOD module meets modular approval and labeling requirements
  • Industry Canada follows the same testing and rules as the FCC in regards to certified modules in authorized equipment

Useful Links

WL18xxMOD IC modular grant
IC modular certification (see section 3.2)
WL18xxMOD_Certification_Reports


How To certify Host End Products

  • The IC ID of TI WL18xxMOD can be used on a host end product with a label that is visible
  • The host end product must display the IC ID of the WL18xxMOD module

Reuse of IC certification

Industry Canada follows the same permissive change rules as the FCC. For more information, go to the FCC Permissive Change section of this page
NoteNote: For the certified antenna types/gain please refer to Certified antenna types


Frequently Asked Questions

Industry Canada follows the same rules as the FCC please refer to the FCC Frequently Asked Questions section

ETSI/CE Certification

WL18xxMOD  is designed to be CE Certified

The TI WL18xxMOD module has certifications to the appropriate EU radio and EMC directives summarized in TI’s Declaration of Conformity and evidenced by the CE Mark.
This certification eliminates EU RTTE based retesting efforts, resulting in savings of more than $30K per product model family including test cycling and support resource benefits.
For the conformity implications of attaching the antenna to a module that already has a conformance document - From section 1.3.1 of The Guide to the R&TTE Directive 1999/5/EC

Manufacturers who place on the market products without an antenna or with an antenna that is intended to allow replacement have a responsibility to provide information on the general types and/or characteristics of antennas that may be used with their equipment in order that the overall radio equipment remains compliant. The guidance of the transmitter manufacturer has to be followed when they are installed.”

It is important to note that:

  • ETSI reports meet CE Radio Approval requirements of the R&TTE (Europe) directive
  • TI WL18xxMOD module is tested with version 1.8.1 EN 300-328 (2.4GHz) and version 1.7.1 EN 301-893 (5GHz) radio tests which can be accepted by a number of countries for radio compliance.
  • TI WL1837MOD / TI WL1807MOD is tested with version 1.9.1 EN 300-328 (2.4GHz) and version 1.8.1 EN 301-893 (5GHz).
  • TI WL1835MOD C2PC is tested with version 1.9.1 EN 300-328 (2.4GHz).
  • ETSI is not a certification or regulatory body but a set of standards.


NoteNote: EN 300-328 version 1.9.1, and EN 301-893 version 1.8.1, is a requirement for equipment shipping into Europe from Nov 30th 2016; Relevant for all system products that use TI ECS WLAN or Bluetooth silicon. In order to make this update as painless as possible, ETSI EN300-328 V1.9.1 Annex E data can be found Here, ETSI EN301-893 V1.8.1 Annex F data can be found Here.

Useful Links

TI's Declaration of Conformity
The Guide to the R&TTE Directive 1999/5/EC
WL18xxMOD_Certification_Reports


How To certify Host End Products

  • If a host end product has minimal risk, it can be self-certified where manufacturers complete a Declaration of Conformity and affix the CE marking of the certified module to their own product

NoteNote: EMC testing obligations may still be required as determined by the specific end product requirements.

  • The end product will need to be filed in each country for certification using the FCC/ETSI reports
  • 40+ countries recognize and accept radio test reports compliant to ETSI standards as part of the filing process
  • ETSI reports help with end product testing with the module integrated, some of the tests can be leveraged.


Reuse of CE certification


  • In case EIRP power of the Host is higher than original module all the tests must be repeated, otherwise conducted tests are leveraged but all the radiated tests need to be repeated


Tests vs Changes HOST EIRP < Module HOST EIRP > Module
RF-Conducted Leverage Repeat all testing
RF-Radiated Fully test Fully test
SAR/MPE New MPE report
For portable device: new SAR report
New MPE report
For portable device: new SAR report
EMC Full test on host level Full test on host level
Lead Time EMC/RF: 2 weeks
SAR: depends on host
EMC/RF: 2-3 weeks
SAR: depends on host
Safety Lead Time 2 weeks 2 weeks
Document/licensing from TI 1) POA to authorize Sporton to handle the application
2) Technical documents of module (ex: block diagram, schematics, BOM, PCB layout, PCB placement)
1) POA to authorize Sporton to handle the application
2) Technical documents of module (ex: block diagram, schematics, BOM, PCB layout, PCB placement)
Document from end customer 1) Antenna report
2) Product label sample of the host
3) User manual of the host
4) Technical documents of host (ex: block diagram, schematics, BOM, PCB layout, PCB placement)
1) Antenna report
2) Product label sample of the host
3) User manual of the host
4) Technical documents of host (ex: block diagram, schematics, BOM, PCB layout, PCB placement)

NoteNote: For the certified antenna types/gain please refer to Certified antenna types

  • Host: Host end products
  • Module: TI WL18xxMOD module
  • Portable Devices: Cellphones, tablet PCs, laptops, etc.
  • ERIP: Equivalent Isotropic Radiated Power
  • SAR: Specific absorption rate
  • MPE: Maximum permissible exposure
  • EMC: Electromagnetic compatibility


Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Can the customer change the Antenna gain?
A: Customers can modify the antenna design as long as the EIRP (equivalent istropically radiated power) is kept equal or lower.

Q: Does ETSI compliance require RSE and SAR testing?
A: RSE (radiated spurious emissions) and SAR (specific absorption rates) testing is required for re-certification. If a CSE (conducted spurious emissions) certification is already in place than a radiated cabinet test will suffice to complete certification.


MIC Certification

The TI WL18xxMOD is MIC Certified

  • Customers don't need to perform additional tests for Japan radio for WL18xxMOD when they use the Certified antenna types

Useful Links

WL18XXMODGB MIC Certification
Japan Radio Law - CAB
Telefication information
Test and Certification Services for Wireless Devices under Japanese Radio Law
WL18xxMOD_Certification_Reports


How To certify Host End Products

  • The MIC ID of TI WL18xxMOD can be used on a host end product with a label that is visible
  • The host end product must display the MIC ID of the WL18xxMOD module

Reuse of MIC Certification

A new MIC ID is required in case the Host End product has different conducted power than the original certification. In certain condition, the applicants are allowed to leverage the module certificate without requiring a new MIC filing, or are allowed to leverage the RF testing of module during their MIC filing:

Tests vs Changes Conducted Power == Module Conducted Power =/= Module
RF-Conducted Leverage Fully test
EMC Full test for VCCI (voluntary) Full test for VCCI (voluntary)
SAR For portable devices...
With the WWAN function: Full test SAR and host requires a new ID
Without WWAN function: No SAR test is needed
For portable devices...
With the WWAN function: Full test SAR and host requires a new ID
Without WWAN function: No SAR test is needed
Lead Time EMC/RF: 2 weeks
SAR: depends on host
EMC/RF: 2 weeks
SAR: depends on host
Document/licensing from TI 1) POA to authorize Sporton to handle the application
2) If SAR is required: full technical documents for the New ID (ex: module block diagram, schematics, BOM, etc.)
1) POA to authorize Sporton to handle the application
2) If SAR is required: full technical documents for the New ID (ex: module block diagram, schematics, BOM, etc.)
Document from end customer 1) Antenna report
2) If SAR is required, full documents for the New ID is required (ex: host technical documents, host user manual, WWAN module technical documents)
1) Antenna report
2) If SAR is required, full documents for the New ID is required (ex: host technical documents, host user manual, WWAN module technical documents)


NoteNote: For the certified antenna types/gain please refer to Certified antenna types

  • Host: Host end products
  • Module: TI WL18xxMOD module
  • Portable Devices: Cellphones, tablet PCs, laptops, etc.
  • EMC: Electromagnetic compatibility
  • VCCI: Voluntary Control Council for Interference by Information Technology Equipment
  • SAR: Specific absorption rate
  • WWAN: Wireless wide area network


  • A new antenna type requires one to report to regulatory
  • Connection from test port to external antenna doesn't require re-certification
  • For a device subject to SAR, a new ID is required for the host
    • Host cannot use the module ID, but module report can be leveraged


Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Can the customer change the Antenna gain?
A: Customers can modify the antenna design only if equal conducted power is achieved. A lower conducted power is NOT allowed in Japan. However, higher antenna gain is acceptable if the EIRP (equivalent isotropic radiated power) limit is passed.